Meniscus

With the high forces transmitted through the knee the meniscus may be torn. Only tears that have good blood supply can heal, and therefore, be repaired. Repairs are often performed arthroscopically, requiring only small accessory incisions. Unfortunately, most tears (≈90%), are not amenable to repair. These tears are treated by removing the torn portion in a procedure known as a "partial meniscectomy." Removing the torn portion prevents the tear from worsening and aggravating the knee joint. However, repeated partial meniscectomies may result in a functional loss of the meniscal tissue and accelerate articular cartilage degeneration. In these cases, a meniscal allograft transplant may be necessary.